Btrfs (B-tree file system) is a modern, general-purpose file system that was designed to address the needs of modern storage systems, including fault tolerance, repair, and easy administration. It is often used as a replacement for traditional file systems such as ext4 on Linux systems.
Btrfs is designed to be scalable, with support for very large storage volumes and a high maximum file size. It also has advanced features such as online file system resizing, copy-on-write (CoW) for efficient snapshotting, and built-in support for data integrity checks.
One of the key features of Btrfs is its use of a copy-on-write (CoW) design, which allows it to create snapshots of the file system quickly and efficiently. This makes it well-suited for use in storage systems that require the ability to take frequent snapshots, such as those used for backups or in virtualization environments.
Btrfs is also designed to be self-healing, with built-in support for detecting and repairing data corruption. It uses checksums to verify the integrity of data on disk, and can automatically repair any corruption that is detected.
Overall, Btrfs is a powerful and flexible file system that is well-suited for use in modern storage systems.