There are several types of network cables, each with its own set of specifications and length limitations. Here is a summary of some of the most common types of network cables:
Twisted Pair Cable: This is the most common type of network cable, and it is made up of two insulated copper wires twisted together. There are two main types of twisted pair cables: unshielded twisted pair (UTP) and shielded twisted pair (STP). UTP cables are more common and are used in most networking applications, while STP cables are used in environments with higher levels of electrical interference. Twisted pair cables are limited in length, with a maximum distance of 100 meters for Ethernet networks.
Coaxial Cable: This type of cable consists of a single copper wire surrounded by insulation and a braided metal shield. Coaxial cables are commonly used for cable television (CATV) and broadband internet connections. They are relatively resistant to interference and have a maximum length of about 500 meters.
Fiber Optic Cable: This type of cable uses thin strands of glass or plastic to transmit data as pulses of light. Fiber optic cables are much faster and have a much longer maximum length than other types of network cables, with a range of up to several kilometers. They are also resistant to interference and are commonly used in long-distance telecommunications and high-speed internet connections.
Ethernet Cable: Ethernet cables are a type of twisted pair cable that is specifically designed for use in local area networks (LANs). There are several different categories of Ethernet cables, including Cat 5, Cat 5e, Cat 6, and Cat 6a, with each successive category offering improved performance and faster data transfer speeds. Ethernet cables are typically limited to a maximum length of 100 meters.
In summary, the type of network cable you choose will depend on your specific networking needs, including the distance and speed required for your connection, as well as the level of electrical interference present in your environment.